The Athlete of Taranto is the nickname given to a man who lived in the Magna Graecia city of Taranto, presumably in the 5th century BC, and was a champion of several Panathenaic Games in the speciality of Pentathlon. He is the only athlete from the Greek world whose burial has been entirely recovered. His skeleton is a priceless relic: it is the only evidence of a contender who managed to survive the tough sporting competitions of antiquity. The Athlete of Taranto is now enthroned in a room of the National Archaeological Museum of Taranto, but its discovery dates back more than 50 years. It was found in Taranto, on 18 December 1959, in Via Genova, during some building work.